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 MODULE: Reinforcement


Summary for Reinforcement


Reinforcement is an evidence-based practice used to increase target behaviors and skills. In the evidence base, three reinforcement procedures have been used across the age range to teach a variety of skills (e.g., self-help, language and communication, academic work skills): (a) positive reinforcement, (b) negative reinforcement, and (c) token economy programs. The ultimate goal of reinforcement is to help learners with ASD learn new skills and maintain their use over time in a variety of settings with many different individuals. This is accomplished by systematically fading reinforcement through the use of various reinforcement schedules. As learners begin to independently use target skills, reinforcement is gradually reduced. Successful implementation of reinforcement procedures often results in generalized skill use that is maintained over time.

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