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- Reinforcement Module: Introduction
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Reinforcement is an evidence-based practice that increases the likelihood that a learner uses a particular behavior in the future. For example, if a learner with ASD gets milk every time he asks for it, he is more likely to make this request again. Reinforcement is most effective when it is individualized for a particular learner and when it is provided immediately after the learner uses the target skill. Three basic reinforcement procedures will be discussed in this module: (a) positive reinforcement, (b) negative reinforcement, and (c) token economy programs. Each of these procedures can be used with learners with ASD to teach new skills.
Sections that make up this module provide (a) an overview of reinforcement, (b) descriptions of who can implement reinforcement and the types of learners with which it can be used, (c) detailed guidelines for implementing reinforcement with learners with ASD, and (d) answers to frequently asked questions regarding reinforcement.