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MODULE: Functional Communication Training (FCT)
FCT is a practice that teaches learners with ASD how to use more appropriate replacement behaviors rather then engaging in behaviors that interfere with their learning and development. The FBA process allows teachers and other practitioners to identify a replacement behavior that serves the same function as the interfering behavior, but in a more conventional way. FCT can be used with learners of any age, and at any level of functioning. When implementing FCT, teachers/practitioners should consider the selection of communication modality (e.g., a verbal message, a sign, pointing to a picture), selection of the communicative message by ensuring that the message matches the function of the interfering behavior (e.g., “Break please,” “I’m hungry,” “Leave me alone”), generalization and maintenance of newly acquired skills, and the use of appropriate prompting and shaping procedures to teach the replacement behavior.
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